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William III and the War in Ireland in Twelve Objects: 4. William’s Letter

Updated: Jun 1, 2020

This is a letter written by the newly enthroned King William III. It was one of the last pieces of correspondence written by King William III before he embarked for Ireland in June 1690.


Sent to the Marquis of Carmarthen, advisor to Queen Mary, it states that the King is encamped at Hoylake (near Liverpool). He is awaiting money and supplies from London, as well as horses arriving for the army via Scotland.


Surprisingly, the letter is written in very poor French but does contain two well preserved wax seals on the envelope, and a remarkably clear signature of William III. Look closely at the wax seals and you will see the Coat of Arms of King William III.

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